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Prevail News (aka Prevail Mix) has put together a two-page guide for homeless persons, one page for those in Saint Paul, Minnesota, and the other page for those in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Please print out to distribute, especially when a person is newly homeless (unhoused) and they don’t know where to go for help, food and shelter. You can also find these handouts on Instagram and Facebook at #HomelessTC. Please share via posts. Download PDF by clicking here.

guide to resources for homeless in minneapolis

Information on this handout is taken from St. Stephen’s Handbook of the Streets. For the complete handbook:

St Paul go to:

For Minneapolis go to:

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Charity Creates Jobs, Hires Those Trapped in Homelessness

Daniel Velner at his new apartment
Daniel Velner at his new apartment after six years in the homeless system.

“I never thought I’d get there. Never. Never thought I’d escape the homeless system,” says 65-year-old Daniel Velner. His eyes water up.

“But now I have my own place, my own apartment. That last step, going from transitional housing to my own apartment, is the hardest. You’re afraid. You don’t know what’s going to happen. And I’ve been homeless for seven years and in that amount of time you literally forget basic skills like balancing a checkbook. Or making a schedule. Gone.” Velner points to his head.

Velner is the first formerly homeless person hired in the Fall of 2021 by the charity ‘Prevail News,’ doing business as ‘Prevail Mix,’ and operating out of Zion Lutheran Church in Saint Paul, Minn. Prevail Mix is a distribution and online sales non-profit offering pancake/waffle, cake and corn muffin mixes from organic ingredients and local producers (when available).

prevail mix pancake picture
Prevail Mix pancake & waffle mixes.

Jerry Sedgewick, the director of Prevail Mix says, “I’ve known Daniel for some of those years when he was on the streets. He helped me on a street newspaper we started in 2016 called Prevail News, also the name of our non-profit. The street newspaper went bust after giving it a try in the Twin Cities of Minnesota and running out of money.

Undeterred after giving up on the newspaper model, I went on to explore other ways to employ street survivors. Looking at ‘easy entry’ sorts of businesses, one stood out: cottage food production and subsequent sales at farmers markets.”

picture of Jerry Sedgewick
Jerry Sedgewick, Executive Director of Prevail News and Prevail Mix.

Cottage foods are the kinds of foods you can make in a home kitchen versus a commercial one. Sedgewick explored dry pancake mixes, tested ingredients in his home kitchen, had others try them, and he received rave reviews.

“But each mix has requirements,” Sedgewick says. “Mixes have to be easy to make (just add liquid), packaging has to be biodegradable, ingredients need to be organic. I found a great family mill named ‘Whole Grain Milling’ in a southern Minnesota town named ‘Welcome,’ and they grow their own corn with a higher protein content from which they bag corn meal. And I found guar gum as a binder. Guar gum, made from guar beans, are reputed to burn carbohydrates, which is necessary after a meal of pancakes.” He smiles and nods his head.

Sedgewick continues, “Once I was through testing recipes, it was too late in the year to apply for a farmer’s market booth. I found that it isn’t so expensive to get a license as a food producer, so the next step was to find a commercial kitchen. I know that many churches have kitchens that are unused most the week. So I approached my first church, and, bam, they opened their doors.”

“Jerry came in, sat down with me and shared his concept, and I said, ‘Sure. This would be wonderful. It’s in line with what our community already does with our food shelf on Thursdays,’” says John Marboe, the pastor of Zion Lutheran church.

picture of John Marboe and Daniel Velner
Pastor John Marboe and Daniel Velner holding Prevail Mixes.

Working with a member of Zion, Sue Widerski, Velner and Sedgewick ironed out kitchen protocol. After a visit from the state’s inspection bureau, they started production under the name “Prevail Mix.” They found their first store to sell Prevail Mix: Hampden Park Co-op on Raymond Avenue in Saint Paul, Minn.

Prevail mixes at Hamden Coop
Prevail Mixes at Hampden Co-op in Saint Paul, Minn.

In the meantime, Velner still lived in transitional housing.

Velner says, “Through a significant donation, we were able to move forward with some guarantee of future wages while getting our feet wet. I was able to get a charming studio apartment in the neighborhood I wanted to be in.”

Velner’s exit from transitional housing opened up a room for a person on the streets: a two for one. Sedgewick says he remembers once in a conversation with Velner we agreed that, before we die, if we got just one person out of homelessness, just one, that would be like, yeah, we did something with our lives. And now they get to free more from the homeless system as ‘Prevail Mix’ grows.

“And I’m the guy who was delivered from the homeless system,” Velner says. “You have no idea what it’s like, no idea, to move from years of being on the streets and then to transitional housing to now have a private shower, a private room, a private kitchen. And no noise down the hall. It’s almost like I’m in a dream.”

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SNAP Funding and Food Shelf Impact – an interview with Christine Pulver of Keystone

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Cuts in SNAP Funding and Food Shelf Burden

Any potential cuts in SNAP funding from the next budget would lead to increased needs at Food Shelves. An interview with Christine Pulver from the Keystone agency in Saint Paul, Minnesota addresses what could happen if SNAP funding is cut. See the video below:

A full transcript of the interview will be posted in the coming week.

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Hidden Camera and Real-Life Experience Reveal Why Homelessness Persists

Picture of homeless guy holding sign

Picture of Jerry Sedgewick signingWhy is a question nearly all of us ask ourselves when we see those with cardboard signs at freeway exits and entrances. Why? Why are those who are flying signs needing to beg? Why can’t they get a job? Why can’t they find a home?

In a new groundbreaking film, Guttered, Jerry Sedgewick of Saint Paul, Minnesota, experiences homelessness to discover why. With a hidden camera he goes through the experience of being on the streets.

“It was a response to a dare by a friend. I made friends with Daniel when attempting to get the homeless in the Twin Cities to sell newspapers. It took me a while to get up the guts to be homeless for a day, to stay at a shelter and eat at soup kitchens, but eventually I did it,”

His friend, Daniel Velner, a formerly homeless man who also lives in Saint Paul, takes a pivotal role in the documentary. His story is particularly compelling for those who challenge the homeless to get jobs.

“I worked in IT for almost 20 years. I had a disagreement with a person in HR, got fired, and I hit a downward spiral. Divorce, bills to pay off, and suddenly I’m sleeping in a car,” Daniel says. “After that, after hitting rock bottom and experiencing depression, loss of dignity, no address, no place to call home, and hopelessness, I had to put all my energy just toward survival.”

Daniel’s isn’t the only story told in Guttered. Others tell jaw-dropping stories, stories that pull at your heart.

“When I saw the film, I couldn’t believe Jerry got people to say what they did,” says Ed Fisher, a board member of Prevail News, the non-profit agency producing the film. “It tears your heart out.”

Sedgewick adds, “I couldn’t believe these formerly homeless people said those things myself. But what was equally compelling wasn’t just the stories, it was the day-to-day experience of being homeless that I went through, and the answer to the question, why the homeless? In making the film I found that there were as many ways to become homeless as there are people, with some common threads. But what I found groundbreaking was the answer to why the homeless stay homeless.”

Why many homeless stay that way and persist, especially among single males, is an issue that has puzzled those who work with street survivors. But in the film Sedgewick presents an answer.

“As a scientist, I discovered some compelling reasons why, and along with a physician at Mayo, Jennifer Hallmark-Hill and dozens who have studied trauma, it has to do with trauma,” says Sedgewick. “Trauma can lead to long term behavioral changes that become irreversible, explained in scientific circles as behavioral epigenetics, changes that occur around the DNA. That’s why we must get people immediately into housing, what’s called Housing First, before trauma sets in, although I believe that incarceration and war-time service is also traumatic and a gateway to homelessness.”

When asked what made him come to this conclusion, Daniel interjects, “It’s because I said that being homeless gets in your DNA. And Jerry took this literally.”

“Right,” Sedgewick says. “It’s because I came across so many who had the same personality characteristics, basically the same difficulties in long-term decision making; decision making that was  based only on survival for the day. So it wasn’t an individual thing, it was a shared behavior which then points to something basic, like alterations in how the DNA responds to the stressful environment.”

Sedgewick hopes that his experience, the stories he heard, and the understanding that those on the streets can be traumatized and behaviorally altered gets to a worldwide audience.  The board of Prevail News decided to put the documentary on YouTube so that it can be seen for free. Guttered can also be seen at the PrevailNews website:


Contact info Jerry Sedgewick

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10 Myths of Homelessness from a Formerly Homeless Man

Cartoon showing two men: one holds a cardboard sign that reads Plays Sax and says "that should get me some money panhandling."

Cartoon showing two men: one holds a cardboard sign that reads Plays Sax and says "that should get me some money panhandling."10 Myths of Homelessness from a Formerly Homeless Man

There exist many aspects of homelessness that one could write about, from the varied causes of homelessness to the welfare system that largely supports the homeless. You could write about the hundreds of agencies and organizations that make it their business to care and support the homeless. You could write about how the general public views the homeless. You could, of course, talk about being homeless (if you’ve ever had that life experience). After you have exhausted all there is to say about these things, you could write about resolving homelessness, eradicating it from the face of the Earth, like a horrible disease, in the same manner our society currently talks about ending hunger.

It is my goal, and my passion—possibly my calling—to change how homelessness is perceived, to put forth workable solutions for eradicating homelessness. As a formerly homeless man, I will use the remainder of this article to address what I believe are the 10 prevailing myths regarding homelessness. This list is not exhaustive by any means and is in no order of importance.


Myth #1: Homelessness is a result of losing a job or home, and it’s their fault.

Homelessness is so much more than not having a roof over your head, or having a place to put all your possessions. Homelessness is not caused by the loss of income, although it’s a contributing factor. Individuals and families lose homes every day to natural disasters, predatory loans, death, illness, divorce, bad debt, loss of income/job, etc. The list is endless. If even a tenth of all of these incidents resulted in homelessness, it would be considered a national disaster. Losing your home would be a devastating experience for anyone; however losing your home or your income does not have to result in homelessness. Homelessness is a condition, like a sickness or disease, and needs to be treated as such. It is often long term and chronic in nature, like a disease; but it can definitely be treated and it certainly can be prevented and eliminated. Homelessness is a very complex and perplexing issue, that is not simply the result of losing your job or home.

Myth #2: Helping the Homeless is the Responsibility of the Government

The fact of the matter here is that it is everyone’s responsibility, not just the government’s. Today, however, the Federal, State and local governments are not helping in the manner in ways they should. Instead, they are helping in ways they shouldn’t. Take the Cash Assistance Program for example: When it comes to supporting the homeless individual by giving cash money, generally in the form of EBT, and often in the form of disability income (SSDI), what are they really doing? Are they really helping or are they enabling?

The government’s support of the homeless in terms of cash assistance only serves to exacerbate the chronic homelessness and does nothing to alleviate the condition. This issue of our state government giving monetary assistance to the homeless is no different in my opinion than you or I handing money to someone displaying a sign on busy intersection. What you and I and the government are really doing is allowing the homeless—in fact enabling the homeless—to remain homeless, while giving them enough money to sustain themselves for just a single day. More often than not this money is used for cigarettes, alcohol, drugs and even cell phones and motel rooms. It is seldom used to pay for their housing needs. Put another way, money is not the most pressing need of the homeless: Love is.

Myth #3: Homelessness generally involves African-Americans and other Minorities

Homelessness, as far as Myth #5 is concerned, does not show any favoritism whatsoever to the individual’s color, gender, religion, sexual lifestyle or preference, age, social or economic status, and, most certainly, any ethnic background. It bears repeating that homelessness plays no favorites; NO ONE is immune. Sooner than you may think, or realize…  today, tomorrow, next week, maybe even a year from now…  you could, realistically, find yourself homeless, sitting in a park perhaps, shaking your head in total denial and be wondering what on earth has happened to you. You wouldn’t be the first and you certainly won’t be the last.

Myth #4: Solving Homelessness is too Overwhelming for just One Person like Me

To the individuals in Myth #6 who think that there is nothing that they can do to truly help the homeless person, or community, I say this: If they would take the time to think, and do some research into the matter of being homeless, they would see and discover for themselves that there are a great number of things that they could be doing to help remedy the situation. Any one person could provide real hope.

Myth #5: The homeless are generally uneducated, irresponsible, lazy, worthless

After having been personally involved in the lives of many people, I can tell you that they are some of the smartest, the most educated, the most articulate, and the most honest and responsible people I know. Myth #7 is not only a myth but it is also a total and complete misconception and misunderstanding of the true homeless scenario. There are a good number of homeless people who are improving themselves every day in a school of higher learning.

Myth # 6: The Homeless People are Only those who “Fly Signs” at Intersections (panhandle)

The pure and simple underlying truth here is, is that on an average day there are some 300-500 homeless individuals in the city of St. Paul; and the majority of these people are not the ones at the busy intersections with signs.

Myth #7: The homeless dress as if they actually want to appear homeless

I will admit that identifying a homeless person is often not very difficult to do—even with a minimal powers of observation. You can usually pick them out by the clothing that they wear, clothing that doesn’t fit properly or is inappropriate for the weather or season; or by their physical appearance, the nature of their skin from countless hours in the elements. Most often these individuals are the chronic or long-term homeless, those who have no hope of a better future, and thus, the ones who may have simply stopped caring about their physical appearance. But they represent a small minority in the homeless community. The majority of the homeless dress like everybody else because they know where to get the clothing and hygiene resources they need.

Myth #8: The only time the homeless are sociable is when they are seeking something tangible from you

Contrary to belief, the reality of Myth #10 is the opposite of what is perceived. There are some homeless individuals who DO live up to the standard of the misconception. There is always one who’s words are smooth, even believable, and if they were not asking for something, they wouldn’t be seen talking to you.

In contrast there are those in the community of the homeless that are quite articulate and would be happy to get involved in a conversation on any number of issues. It bears repeating: it is the few, the minority, who cause this perception to exist.

Myth #9: Most of the people who are homeless have never had a full-time job

This is another of the many BIG misconceptions and falsehoods about the homeless individual. Many of these people faithfully work regular full-time jobs, doing all that is within their power to better their lives; some are even former corporate professionals. Additionally, it must be noted that not all homeless are able to work due to age or disability. While it is also true that there are those who are capable of productive work who have never applied for work, or, who refuse to learn the responsibility or discipline of actually performing a 40-hour work week, these represent the minority.

Myth #10: As an individual I am actually helping the homeless by handing them money

It is NEVER wrong to give—even if your motive for doing so is not what it should be. As an example, I have often given my last dollar or last bit of change without having the right spirit or attitude. Other times, I have given with that sincere, honest, and loving spirit that I believe dwells and works within everyone. I am often torn between giving—just to satisfy my guilty feeling—and that of genuinely wanting to help a homeless person. None of these scenarios produce a “good feeling” within me.

It has taken me a couple of years, and many flips-and-flops in my decision-making, to write what I am about to share with you. What I have finally arrived at is this: That simply handing a person a 5 or a 10 is simply encouraging the recipient of your generosity to continue doing this same routine over and over again. When they find a “hot spot”, they will stay there and willingly depend on the generosity of others’ when this same person is fully-capable of earning a productive living on his own. In a very real sense, we are responsible for promoting their lifestyle.

There are those who will say that this is a very hard, or even cruel, stance to take; others will never be convinced or convicted that this continued action of theirs labels them as “enablers.” My stance is in one that is done in “the spirit of love.” There are other more loving things that I could be doing to help the homeless person or community that would be of greater benefit than handing them cash over and over again. I am asking those who do give cash to stop doing so, in the name of love and understanding. The homeless person, who is fully-capable of working, will have a hard time, at best, to understand this rational because they feel that their greatest “need” is money. I am telling you that they are deceived and that their real greatest need is the expression of your love in other more tangible ways.

In Summary…

I have, purposely written about the myths, misconceptions and stereotypes from the viewpoint of one who has NEVER been there and, God-willing, never will be. These 10 Myths of Homelessness from a Formerly Homeless Man isn’t nearly exhaustive. In fact you have probably thought of many more, as you read this.

My next articles will present the same myths and stereotypes taken from the perspective of the homeless person, define what homelessness actually is, and provide insights to solutions to the some of the causes of the homeless condition. I hope that through this article that you have been informed, even if it’s only in reference to a comment which causes you to pause and have a second thought about the nature of homelessness. It is my deepest desire to share with you my knowledge on this real-life issue, and in the process to inform, educate, and enlighten, and hopefully inspire you to help in whatever way possible.

I close this article with these words: Like everyone else in this world, the homeless community and each individual in it are human beings, with real feelings and desires, goals and aspirations, hopes and dreams and are equally created in the image of God. As God has shown grace and mercy upon each and every one of us, so we, also, should do so for each other, including the homeless. Yes, homelessness is sometimes the result of making bad decisions, but everyone is entitled to a second chance, even multiple second chances.

As I have done with considerable thought, I want YOU to give this following question serious thought and consideration:

If you had it within your power to transform the life of, even, ONE homeless person…WOULD YOU? and WOULD YOU make the effort that may be required of you?

Photo of Daniel Velner

Daniel Velner, Writer and speaker about homelessness. Board member of Prevail News.